学习定语从句的常见学习误区

2019-08-13 11:08:02栏目:商业
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定语从句也是一种非常常见的从句形式,是各类考试都必定考察的重点,然而定语从句类型繁多,引导词复杂,让很多同学都焦头烂额,小编这次就为大家带来学习定语从句的常见误区,一起学起来吧!

 一、误认为关系代词whose只用于修饰人
whose用作疑问代词时,主要用于指人;但用作关系代词时,它既可指人也可指物。如:
It was an island, whose name I have forgotten. 它是一座岛,名字我忘了。
The factory, whose workers are all women, is closed during the holidays. 这家工厂工人都是妇女,在假期中工厂关门了。

二、混淆定语从句与并列句
请看下面两题:
1. He has two children, and both of _________ are abroad.
A. them       B. which      C. whom      D. who
2. He has two children, both of _________ are abroad.
A. them       B. which       C. whom      D. who
第1题选A,第2题选C。由于第1题中用了并列连词and,从而使整个句子为并列句,and后应是一个独立的简单句,所以选A不选C;第2题没有并列连词and,both of whom are abroad为非限制性定语从句。另外,请比较下面一题:
He has two children, both of _________ being abroad.
A. them       B. which       C. whom      D. who
此题答案为A,其中的both of them being abroad为独立主格结构,用作状语。
请再看一组类似的例子:
1. He wrote a lot of novels, many of _________ translated into foreign languages.
A. it            B. them         C. which     D. that
2. He wrote a lot of novels, many of _________ were translated into foreign languages.
A. it            B. them         C. which     D. that
第1应选B,而不能选C,是因为句中的 translated 是过去分词(非谓语动词),若选C,则该从句无谓语;第2应选C,因为句中有谓语 were translated。比较下面一例:
He wrote a lot of novels, and many of _________ were translated into foreign languages.
A. it              B. them       C. which     D. that
此题与上面的第2题不同,两句间多了一个并列连词and,说明这是一个并列句,故应选B,则不能选C。

三、混淆关系代词与关系副词
有的同学一看到先行词是表示时间、地点、原因的名词,就认为一定要用关系副词,其实也不一定。在此情况下,还要看关系词在定语从句中是用作什么成分,若是用作状语,则用关系副词,若不是用作状语(如用作主语、宾语等)则不能用关系副词,而用关系代词。比较:
This is the factory where I want to work. 这就是我想工作的工厂。(work为不及物动词where在从句中用作状语)
This is the factory that I want to visit. 这就是我想参观的工厂。(visit为及物动词,that用作visit的宾语)
The reason why he can’t come is that he is ill. 他没来的是因为他病了。(come为不及物动词,why在定语从句中用作状语)
The reason that he put forth is very important. 他提出的理由很重要。(put forth为及物动词,that在定语从句中用作其宾语)

比较下面的考题:
1. This is the room _________I lived ten years ago.
A. that       B. where       C. who         D. what
2. This is the room _________I lived in ten years ago.
A. that       B. where       C. who         D. what
3. This is the room _________I bought ten years ago.
A. that       B. where       C. who         D. what
4. This is the room _________I visited ten years ago.
A. that       B. where       C. who         D. what
5. This is the room _________I was born ten years ago.
A. that       B. where       C. who         D. what
第1题选B,因为 live 是不及物动词,它无需接宾语;第2题选A,因为虽然 live 不及物,但live in 却是及物,它应有自己的宾语;第3、4题也应选A,因为 buy 和 visit均为及物动词,它们应有自己的宾语;第5应选B,因为 be born 无需有自己的宾语。

四、误认为逗号后一定是非限制性定语从句
有的同学一看见逗号,就以为一定要选which而不选that,但问题是有时根本就不是定语从句。如:
1. If a book

学习定语从句的常见学习误区

is in English, _________ means slow progress for you.
A. as        B. which      C. what        D. that
2. When I say two hours, _________ includes time for eating.
A. as        B. which      C. what        D. that
以上两题均应选that,而不能选which,因为它们根本不是定语从句。之所以选that,是因为句中已有if和when引导的状语从句,逗号后为主句,that为主句主语。

以上就是这次为大家带来的内容了,大家都掌握了吗? 这些都是非常常见的一错点,大家一定要铭记在心,但不仅仅是记住题目,而是牢牢掌握知识点,学会举一反三,希望这次的内容能为备考的大家带来帮助。