主谓一致 | 谓语动词单复数使用讲解

2019-08-13 11:08:03栏目:商业
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主谓一致是英语语法的一个重要的版块,今天,小编为同学们准备了相关的主谓一致语法体

主谓一致 | 谓语动词单复数使用讲解

系下的谓语动词单复数的使用规则,一起来看看吧!


1)由“some of,plenty of,a lot of,lots of,most of,the rest of,all of,half of,part of,the remainder of或分数、百分数+of+名词”等短语作主语时,谓语动词常与of后的名词保持数的一致。
The rest of the lecture is dull.
Half of the apple is rotten.这个苹果的一半腐烂变质了。
Half of the apples are rotten.这些苹果有一半腐烂变质了。
About one third of the books are worth reading.大约三分之一的书值得一读。
Over 30% of the students were absent from the meeting.

 

2)由“a kind of,this kind of,many kinds of”和“名词+of this kind”等,以及由与kind意义相似的type,sort,form,part,piece,section等构成的类似短语作主语时,谓语动词与of前的名词保持数的一致。如:
A kind of birds has been discovered by them.
Parts of the book are very instructive.
This kind of apples is expensive.
Apples of this kind are expensive.


3)“more+复数名词+than one”结构谓语常用复数。
More members than one have protested against the plan.

4)不定代词“each,one,no one,some(any,no,every)+body(one或thing)”在句中作主语或作限定词时,谓语动词一律用单数形式
Each boy gets a prize.
Someone wants to buy the house.
Each of the books costs five Yuan.
注意:each,all,both用作同位语时,谓语动词仍应与主语保持一致
We each have an English-Chinese dictionary.
由and连接的两个或三个单数主语前如果有every,each,no,many a修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。
Each teacher and (each) student was given a book.
Every hour and (every) minute is important
Many a teacher and many a student enjoys the book very much.
many a.../ more than one+名词作主语时, 谓语动词仍采取单数形式
Many a man thinks life is meaningless without purpose.

one and a half+复数名词”作主语时,其谓语要用单数形式
One and a half bananas is left on the table.

 

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